Hello, friends. In this post, you will learn how to install Spack on Ubuntu 20.04. In case you don’t know what Sack is, we’ll tell you about it here too.
According to the official website of Spack,
Spack is a package manager for supercomputers, Linux, and macOS. It makes installing scientific software easy. Spack isn’t tied to a particular language; you can build a software stack in Python or R, link to libraries written in C, C++, or Fortran, and easily swap compilers or target specific microarchitectures.
This makes it a tool for a very specific sector but also for users who need a similar tool. With Spack, you can build a package with multiple versions, configurations, platforms, and compilers, and all of these builds can coexist on the same machine.
For such a professional tool, it’s very easy to install on Ubuntu 20.04
Before you start, update all the operating system packages by running the following commands in the terminal:
sudo apt update sudo apt upgrade
After that, install
git and the Ubuntu package building tools.
sudo apt install git build-essential
Once the installation is finished, it’s time to install Spack.
To do this, you can use git and specify a directory where you want to save the archive.
git clone https://github.com/spack/spack ~/.apps/spack/Spack
In my case, I have chosen
~/.apps/spack/Spack but you can choose another path.
Now, to use Spack from any location at the prompt, you have to add this folder to the
echo '. ~/.apps/spack/Spack/Spack/share/spack/setup-env.sh' >> ~/.bash_profile
Then, apply the changes by running
And we can start using it, for example, it shows the installed version:
spack -V 0.16.0-1053-f28026c040
The tool is quite simple to use, to install a program you just need to run
spack install [program_name]
Also, you can install the specific version of a program with the help of the
spack install [program_name]@version
Now to know the version list of a program, you can use versions
spack versions [program_name]
If you want to know which packages or programs are available, you can do so with the list command
You can even filter them using a wildcard
spack list 'py-*'
In this case, all packages starting with
py- will be shown.
To uninstall packages we can use the same syntax as install but with the uninstall command
spack uninstall [program_name]
Or for a specific version:
spack uninstall [program_name]@version
Also, it is useful to remove its dependencies with the
spack uninstall -R [program_name]
So, enjoy it.
Thanks to this post, you now know how to install Spack on Ubuntu 20.04 which is a tool used at a scientific level. It is quite easy to use and to install for all it does.