How to install Apache GUI on Debian 10?

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angeloma
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Hello, in this post, I will show you how to install Apache GUI on Debian 10.

Generally, a SysAdmin uses the command line interface to configure server applications. However, there are web interfaces that facilitate the process of configuring these tools. In a server in production state, Apache plays an important role because it is the web server, which is why it must be correctly configured. With this in mind, it is helpful to install Apache GUI to make quick and easy adjustments to it.

Apache GUI is a free and open source web tool that is designed to help Administrate the Apache Web Server. Some of its functions are:

  • Edit, Search and Validate your Configurations.
  • Manage VirtualHosts.
  • Edit web documents right from your web browser.
  • Tail, download and search your logs.
  • Install and remove Apache modules.
  • View runtime statistics from your web server.
  • Record, search and graph detailed transactions.

As you can see, this is a very useful tool especially if you are starting in the sysadmin world or if you prefer the convenience of a web interface over the terminal.

So, let us do it.

Install Apache GUI on Debian 10

1.- Install Java on Debian 10

Apache GUI is a tool created in Java. So first we have to install it on our system. However, it’s a good idea to update the system first.

So, open a terminal session and run the following command:

:~$ sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade

In case you don’t have sudo enabled, you can read the following post:

How to enable sudo on Debian 10?

Once everything is in order, we can continue.

There is an open-source version of Java in the official Debian repositories which is the OpenJDK. It’s good for us with this version.

So, install it with the following command:

:~$ sudo apt install openjdk-11-jre
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree       
Reading state information... Done
The following additional packages will be installed:
  adwaita-icon-theme at-spi2-core ca-certificates-java fontconfig fonts-dejavu-extra glib-networking glib-networking-common glib-networking-services
  gsettings-desktop-schemas gtk-update-icon-cache hicolor-icon-theme java-common libatk-bridge2.0-0 libatk-wrapper-java libatk-wrapper-java-jni libatk1.0-0
  libatk1.0-data libatspi2.0-0 libcairo-gobject2 libcroco3 libdatrie1 libepoxy0 libfribidi0 libgail-common libgail18 libgdk-pixbuf2.0-0 libgdk-pixbuf2.0-bin
  libgdk-pixbuf2.0-common libgif7 libgraphite2-3 libgtk-3-0 libgtk-3-bin libgtk-3-common libgtk2.0-0 libgtk2.0-bin libgtk2.0-common libharfbuzz0b libjson-glib-1.0-0
  libjson-glib-1.0-common libpango-1.0-0 libpangocairo-1.0-0 libpangoft2-1.0-0 libproxy1v5 librest-0.7-0 librsvg2-2 librsvg2-common libsoup-gnome2.4-1 libsoup2.4-1
  libthai-data libthai0 libwayland-client0 libwayland-cursor0 libwayland-egl1 libxcursor1 libxkbcommon0 openjdk-11-jre-headless
Suggested packages:
  default-jre gvfs librsvg2-bin fonts-ipafont-gothic fonts-ipafont-mincho fonts-wqy-microhei | fonts-wqy-zenhei fonts-indic
The following NEW packages will be installed:
  adwaita-icon-theme at-spi2-core ca-certificates-java fontconfig fonts-dejavu-extra glib-networking glib-networking-common glib-networking-services
  gsettings-desktop-schemas gtk-update-icon-cache hicolor-icon-theme java-common libatk-bridge2.0-0 libatk-wrapper-java libatk-wrapper-java-jni libatk1.0-0
  libatk1.0-data libatspi2.0-0 libcairo-gobject2 libcroco3 libdatrie1 libepoxy0 libfribidi0 libgail-common libgail18 libgdk-pixbuf2.0-0 libgdk-pixbuf2.0-bin
  libgdk-pixbuf2.0-common libgif7 libgraphite2-3 libgtk-3-0 libgtk-3-bin libgtk-3-common libgtk2.0-0 libgtk2.0-bin libgtk2.0-common libharfbuzz0b libjson-glib-1.0-0
  libjson-glib-1.0-common libpango-1.0-0 libpangocairo-1.0-0 libpangoft2-1.0-0 libproxy1v5 librest-0.7-0 librsvg2-2 librsvg2-common libsoup-gnome2.4-1 libsoup2.4-1
  libthai-data libthai0 libwayland-client0 libwayland-cursor0 libwayland-egl1 libxcursor1 libxkbcommon0 openjdk-11-jre openjdk-11-jre-headless
0 upgraded, 57 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded.
Need to get 68.7 MB of archives.
After this operation, 293 MB of additional disk space will be used.
Do you want to continue? [Y/n]

1.- Install Java on Debian 10
1.- Install Java on Debian 10

Then, check the installed version.

:~$ java -version
openjdk version "11.0.6" 2020-01-14
OpenJDK Runtime Environment (build 11.0.6+10-post-Debian-1deb10u1)
OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM (build 11.0.6+10-post-Debian-1deb10u1, mixed mode, sharing)

2.- Java version
2.- Java version

In this case, we have installed version 11. An LTS version and quite stable.

2.- Install Apache and PHP on Debian 10

Apache GUI is used to manage Apache. Therefore, it needs to be installed. To do this, run the following command:

:~$ sudo apt install apache2
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree       
Reading state information... Done
The following additional packages will be installed:
  apache2-bin apache2-data apache2-utils libapr1 libaprutil1 libaprutil1-dbd-sqlite3 libaprutil1-ldap libbrotli1 libcurl4 libjansson4 liblua5.2-0
Suggested packages:
  apache2-doc apache2-suexec-pristine | apache2-suexec-custom www-browser
The following NEW packages will be installed:
  apache2 apache2-bin apache2-data apache2-utils libapr1 libaprutil1 libaprutil1-dbd-sqlite3 libaprutil1-ldap libbrotli1 libcurl4 libjansson4 liblua5.2-0
0 upgraded, 12 newly installed, 0 to remove and 49 not upgraded.
Need to get 2938 kB of archives.
After this operation, 9599 kB of additional disk space will be used.
Do you want to continue? [Y/n]

3.- Install Apache web server on Debian 10
3.- Install Apache web server on Debian 10

By default, the service is enabled and started with the installation. However, remember to enable ports 80 and 443 in the firewall.

Then, complement the Apache installation with a programming language such as PHP and its modules.

:~$ sudo apt install php7.3 php7.3-imap php7.3-xml libapache2-mod-php7.3 php-pear
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree       
Reading state information... Done
The following additional packages will be installed:
  libc-client2007e libsodium23 libxslt1.1 mlock php-common php7.3-cli php7.3-common php7.3-json php7.3-opcache php7.3-readline psmisc
Suggested packages:
  uw-mailutils
The following NEW packages will be installed:
  libapache2-mod-php7.3 libc-client2007e libsodium23 libxslt1.1 mlock php-common php-pear php7.3 php7.3-cli php7.3-common php7.3-imap php7.3-json php7.3-opcache
  php7.3-readline php7.3-xml psmisc
0 upgraded, 16 newly installed, 0 to remove and 49 not upgraded.
Need to get 5573 kB of archives.
After this operation, 23.3 MB of additional disk space will be used.
Do you want to continue? [Y/n]

4.- Install PHP on Debian 10
4.- Install PHP on Debian 10

If you want to install a complete and functional LAMP server, you can visit our post:

How to install LAMP on Debian 10?

If you want to test if PHP is correctly installed, create a PHP file with the following content:

:~$ sudo nano /var/www/html/test.php
<?php
phpinfo();
?>

Save the changes and close the file. Now, open your web browser and go to http://server-ip/test.php or http://localhost/test.php and you will see this:

5.- PHP info file
5.- PHP info file

So far so good.

3.- Getting Apache GUI on Debian 10

Now it’s time to install the Apache GUI. The first thing we have to do is download it from Github. However, it’s a good idea to create a folder dedicated to the program:

:~$ sudo mkdir /usr/local/apachegui/
~$ cd /usr/local/apachegui/
:~$ sudo wget -c https://github.com/jrossi227/ApacheGUI/releases/download/v1.12.0/ApacheGUI-1.12.0.tar.gz

6.- Download and install Apache GUI on Debian 10
6.- Download and install Apache GUI on Debian 10

Next, decompress the file:

:~$ sudo tar -xvzf ApacheGUI-1.12.0.tar.gz

Once you have decompressed the file, navigate to the generated folder.

:~$ cd ApacheGUI/bin/

And finally start Apache GUI with the following command:

:~$ sudo ./run.sh
Using CATALINA_BASE:   /usr/local/apachegui/ApacheGUI/tomcat
Using CATALINA_HOME:   /usr/local/apachegui/ApacheGUI/tomcat
Using CATALINA_TMPDIR: /usr/local/apachegui/ApacheGUI/tomcat/temp
Using JRE_HOME:        /usr
Using CLASSPATH:       /usr/local/apachegui/ApacheGUI/tomcat/bin/bootstrap.jar:/usr/local/apachegui/ApacheGUI/tomcat/bin/tomcat-juli.jar
Tomcat started.

4.- Using Apache GUI

Now open your favorite web browser and go to http://your-server:9999/ApacheGUI. Remember that this port has to be available in the firewall. You will see this:

7.- Configuring Apache GUI on Debian 10
7.- Configuring Apache GUI on Debian 10

In the image above, you are asked how Apache is installed on your computer. Remember that we use the official Debian repositories, so leave the first option.

When you accept, you will see this other screen:

8.- Apache GUI
8.- Apache GUI

On this screen, you have to define the routes where Apache works. Do not worry, in the first field you have a list of distributions with everything predefined. Search for Debian and the fields will be automatically filled in.

On that same screen, you can define an administrator account with a password. It is recommended to do so.

9.- Installing Apache GUI on Debian 10
9.- Installing Apache GUI on Debian 10

Then, you will see the Login screen. Enter your newly created credentials.

10.- Login page
10.- Login page

Upon entering you will see the Apache GUI interface.

11.- Apache GUI running
11.- Apache GUI running

And you can, for example, check the virtualhost settings.

12.- Check the virtualhost settings
12.- Check the virtualhost settings

And that is it. Enjoy it.

Conclusion

Running a web server is a pretty important thing in a network. So we always welcome all the help we can find. In this sense the Apache GUI is a good alternative for configuring Apache.

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4 COMMENTS

  1. Hello!
    After following your guidance for installation, I went to “http://my-server:9999/ApacheGUI” with browser, HTTP Error 500 occured ,with exception report as follows.
    ~~~~~
    The server encountered an internal error that prevented it from fulfilling this request.

    java.lang.IllegalMonitorStateException
    java.base/java.util.concurrent.locks.ReentrantReadWriteLock$Sync.tryRelease(ReentrantReadWriteLock.java:372)
    java.base/java.util.concurrent.locks.AbstractQueuedSynchronizer.release(AbstractQueuedSynchronizer.java:1302)
    java.base/java.util.concurrent.locks.ReentrantReadWriteLock$WriteLock.unlock(ReentrantReadWriteLock.java:1147)
    net.apachegui.locks.LockManager.unlockWrite(LockManager.java:181)
    net.apachegui.db.JdbcConnection.closeConnection(JdbcConnection.java:99)
    net.apachegui.db.SettingsDao.getAllSettings(SettingsDao.java:200)
    net.apachegui.db.SettingsDao.(SettingsDao.java:28)
    net.apachegui.db.SettingsDao.getInstance(SettingsDao.java:36)
    net.apachegui.tomcat.ApacheGUIRealm.findSecurityConstraints(ApacheGUIRealm.java:13)
    org.apache.catalina.authenticator.AuthenticatorBase.invoke(AuthenticatorBase.java:492)
    org.apache.catalina.valves.ErrorReportValve.invoke(ErrorReportValve.java:103)
    org.apache.catalina.valves.AccessLogValve.invoke(AccessLogValve.java:962)
    org.apache.catalina.connector.CoyoteAdapter.service(CoyoteAdapter.java:445)
    org.apache.coyote.http11.AbstractHttp11Processor.process(AbstractHttp11Processor.java:1115)
    org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol$AbstractConnectionHandler.process(AbstractProtocol.java:637)
    org.apache.tomcat.util.net.JIoEndpoint$SocketProcessor.run(JIoEndpoint.java:316)
    java.base/java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1128)
    java.base/java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:628)
    org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.TaskThread$WrappingRunnable.run(TaskThread.java:61)
    java.base/java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:834)

    Can you tell me what’s wrong with it ?

    My server is on
    Debian 10.4
    Apache 2.4.38
    PHP 7.3.11-1
    Java openjdk 11.0.7

    In addition, PHP test page could be displayed successfully.

    Thanks!

  2. I’m so sorry that I forgot telling important thing.
    My server is Raspberry Pi 4B, OS is Debian 10.4 based Raspberry Pi OS (arm64bit ver)

  3. I left some instruction’s earlier for a new user using Linux forgot to include I was using Raspberry Pi 4 with Raspberry Pi OS Full (32 bit) equivalence Debian 10 Buster.

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