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How to use CHKDSK in Windows 10

Hello! It is very important to ensure the integrity of the hard disk in the computer. Since it is an essential element for the system. Indeed, the failure of this element will cause instability, expenses and loss of information. Consequently, it is important to watch over the integrity and performance of this hardware. Certainly there are third party apps that do this function. However, Microsoft included its own tool to detect and correct errors in the hard disk. This is the CHKDSK command. This is a very useful Windows command for the health of the system in general. Well, today we will see how to use the CHKDSK command in Windows 10.

What is CHKDSK?

It is a command that analyzes, repairs and checks the state of the hard disk. It also aims to improve the performance, use and speed of the disk. In addrion, it provides the following options:

  • Scanning, repairing and solving the physical problems presented by the hard disks in the system.
  • Real-time hard drive integrity check
  • Repair of logic errors.

Using the CHKDSK command to repair the hard disk.

The user can invoke this command in different ways. First type CHKDSK from the search box.

Launch CHKDSK from the search bar.
Launch CHKDSK from the search bar.

You can also run it through a CMD with administrative privileges, by running the chkdsk command.

Launching a CMD as an administrator.
Launching a CMD as an administrator.
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You can also run the chkdsk command directly. With this in mind, press the Win+R combination:

Running the chkdsk command
Running the chkdsk command

Once in the CMD, you can execute the chkdsk command to see the disk information and system integrity. However, this only shows a descriptive report without making any repairs.

Running the chkdsk command
Running the chkdsk command

How to check the hard disk with the CHKDSK command

As mentioned, when we use the command alone, a report is displayed. Now, to execute actions, you have to use this syntax:

chkdsk (Unit): (parameters)

Below I show you some commands and their usefulness:

chkdsk /scan

Scans and searches for errors on an NTFS disk

chkdsk /spotfix

This command will instantly unmount the volume to fix problems that were sent to the registry in previous analyses:

chkdsk sdccleanup

This command can only be used on NTFS systems. In effect, it will collect and then delete data that the analyzer does not use. Additionally, it includes the use of the /F parameter.

chkdsk offlinescanandfix

It can only be used with NTFS disks and must be used in conjunction with the /scan command. This command performs an online scan and sends errors to a queue for offline repair.

chkdsk /scan /perf

It is only for use on NTFS disks and must be used with the /scan command. Additionally, It allows you to use more system resources to perform a scan as soon as possible. However, it may produce a slower system state.

CHKDSK command options.

This command can be supplemented by using some parameters.


This parameter allows to fix errors on the disk.


Using this parameter a light check of the index entries will be executed. Note that it only applies to NTFS drives


With this parameter it is possible to correct errors in the disk sectors. Also, the wizard can recover readable information from the disk.


Through this parameter the volume is forced to its dismounting


This command validates incorrect clusters on the selected disk. On the other hand, if the disk is NTFS then add /r


Using this parameter, the cycle check in the folder structure is skipped. Similarly, it is only available for NTFS disks.


Deploy chkdsk support.


Ultimately we have seen how to use the CHKDSK command in Windows 10. Indeed, this tool is very powerful in detecting errors on hard disks. However, it goes further because it allows you to correct numerous types of failures. Even physical and logical ones. All right, that’s it for now. Keep visiting us for the latest news and tricks on Windows 10. Greetings!

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