In this tutorial, we are going to learn that how can we configure our Proxy Settings on CentOS 8 / 7 | RHEL 8 / 7 & Fedora 31/30/29 Linux machines. You’ll learn that how can you configure access to Internet via proxy server on any Linux system. You will be required to include the use of wget, lynx, or curl utilities from a command line as well as package management tools.
Configure System-Wide Proxy Settings on Desktop UI
To make changes on the system control panel, users of Fedora / CentOS & RHEL Linux who are running Desktop environment , can follow the below steps to configure proxy on their systems.
Go to Settings
Navigate to Network >Network Proxy
Choose Manual from the menu and provide your proxy settings as you want.
Populate proxy values for http, https, & ftp. If you are using SOCKS proxy, you will also need to set it accordingly. As you will finish making changes, your system will update them automatically within no time.
Proxy on Firefox Browser
By Default you are provided with the Firefox browser on CentOS Linux so you can configure its proxy settings manually.
You can update your proxy settings by
Navigating to Preferences
Go To Network Settings> Manual Proxy Configuration
Here you can set your proxy settings. After finishing settings click on the “OK” button to save them.
Configure System-Wide Proxy Settings on CLI
To configure system-wide proxy setting with the help of CLI, we’ll create a shell script file under /etc/profile.d/proxy.sh. It will apply the settings to all logged-in users permanently.
sudo vi /etc/profile
Now add your proxy settings.
set proxy config via profie.d - should apply for all users
Note: 10.10.1.10 is the IP of proxy server, it can be replaced easily with the host name.
8080 is the proxy server port.
If you are prompted to provide authentication details, follow the below syntax:
Now, source the file to make use of the changes and settings you’ve applied in the proxy settings.
Make sure you’ve done correctly
env | grep -i proxy
Setting Proxy for YUM | DNF package manager
The settings we’ve done above are for the Application & command-line tools. We have to set proxy settings for YUM and DNF packages separately.
Set Proxy Settings for DNF-Fedora / CentOS / RHEL 8
$ sudo vim /etc/dnf/dnf.conf
Proxy Setting for CentOS 6/7
$ sudo vim /etc/yum.conf
RHEL users also need to set proxy for accessing RHSM content.
$ sudo vi /etc/rhsm/rhsm.conf
proxy_hostname = proxy.example.com
proxy_port = 8080
In case, your server require authentication you will have to set it .
user name for authenticating to an http proxy, if needed
password for basic http proxy auth, if needed
These are the basic proxy settings. To use Internet on CentOS / RHEL 7/8 & on Fedora Linux systems you will be required to use Proxy Server.