How to install the Development and build tools on Ubuntu 20.04?

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In this very short post, you will learn how to install a series of development and build tools on Ubuntu 20.04. These tools are essential to perform tasks like installing packages from the source code. Or some programming tasks such as package creation.

If you are an application developer and need to package it for a distribution like Debian or Ubuntu, you need some tools. Some of these tools are considered to be essential for the process.

So, all these tools are contained in the word build-essential. Other important packages will be installed there. Some of them are:

  • GCC the GNU C language compiler which is a mainstay for developing various languages and installing programs.
  • make which allows us to compile programs from source code.
  • G++ the GNU compiler for the C++ language which is widely used in QT applications.

And many more.

Install the Development and build tools on Ubuntu 20.04

Before we start I want to remind you that in this post we will install the basic tools. In case you want to compile a program from the source code, each one of them has dependencies that you have to fulfill.

On the contrary, if you are going to build packages, you also need other more specific ones according to the distribution.

So, open a terminal and install the build-essential package.

:~$ sudo apt install build-essential
Reading package lists… Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information… Done
The following additional packages will be installed:
binutils binutils-common binutils-x86-64-linux-gnu cpp cpp-9 dpkg-dev fakeroot g++ g++-9 gcc gcc-9 gcc-9-base libalgorithm-diff-perl libalgorithm-diff-xs-perl
libalgorithm-merge-perl libasan5 libatomic1 libbinutils libc-dev-bin libc6-dev libcc1-0 libcrypt-dev libctf-nobfd0 libctf0 libdpkg-perl libfakeroot
libfile-fcntllock-perl libgcc-9-dev libgomp1 libisl22 libitm1 liblsan0 libmpc3 libquadmath0 libstdc++-9-dev libtsan0 libubsan1 linux-libc-dev make manpages-dev
Suggested packages:
binutils-doc cpp-doc gcc-9-locales debian-keyring g++-multilib g++-9-multilib gcc-9-doc gcc-multilib autoconf automake libtool flex bison gdb gcc-doc gcc-9-multilib
glibc-doc bzr libstdc++-9-doc make-doc
The following NEW packages will be installed:
binutils binutils-common binutils-x86-64-linux-gnu build-essential cpp cpp-9 dpkg-dev fakeroot g++ g++-9 gcc gcc-9 gcc-9-base libalgorithm-diff-perl
libalgorithm-diff-xs-perl libalgorithm-merge-perl libasan5 libatomic1 libbinutils libc-dev-bin libc6-dev libcc1-0 libcrypt-dev libctf-nobfd0 libctf0 libdpkg-perl
libfakeroot libfile-fcntllock-perl libgcc-9-dev libgomp1 libisl22 libitm1 liblsan0 libmpc3 libquadmath0 libstdc++-9-dev libtsan0 libubsan1 linux-libc-dev make
manpages-dev
0 upgraded, 41 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded.
Need to get 39.9 MB of archives.
After this operation, 175 MB of additional disk space will be used.
Do you want to continue? [Y/n]
1.- Installing development and build tools on Ubuntu 20.04
1.- Installing development and build tools on Ubuntu 20.04

As you can see, this package also installs some necessary dependencies. Don’t worry all these dependencies are more basic package development and build tools.

Some of them may be already installed so you can download the number of packages you need.

When the download and installation is finished, you can check the versions of make, gcc and g++

:~$ make --version
GNU Make 4.2.1
Built for x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
Copyright (C) 1988-2016 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.
There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.
:~$ gcc --version
gcc (Ubuntu 9.3.0-10ubuntu2) 9.3.0
Copyright (C) 2019 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This is free software; see the source for copying conditions. There is NO
warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
:~$ g++ --version
g++ (Ubuntu 9.3.0-10ubuntu2) 9.3.0
Copyright (C) 2019 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This is free software; see the source for copying conditions. There is NO
warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

And so these tools have been installed.

Conclusion

The development and package building tools are very important in Ubuntu 20.04. Since many programs that are in the repositories depend on them and installing them can save us time.

On the other hand, they become quite necessary if we are developers or application packagers.

So, share this post and join our Telegram Channel.

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