Today we are going to learn that how to install Cacti on Ubuntu 20.04. Cacti is a totally open-source network monitoring and graphing tool designed as a front-end software for the industry-trendy information logging tool RRDtool. Cacti harness the Power of RRDtool’s data storage and graphing functionality.
Some suitable features of Cacti consist of:
- Rapid polling of metrics
- Assist for multiple information acquisition strategies
- Support for advanced graph template
- Consumer control functionality with ACL
Cacti offer an intuitive and smooth to use internet interface which may be used for small LAN installations up to complicated networks with lots of servers and networking devices. So, now we are going to start the installation of Cacti on Ubuntu 20.04.
Step 1: Update & Upgrade Your System
sudo apt -y update && sudo apt -y upgrade
Step 2: Install PHP & PHP Extensions
Run the below command to install the required PHP extensions.
sudo apt install -y php-mysql libapache2-mod-php php-xml php-ldap php-mbstring php-gd php-gmp
Verify the PHP version by typing.
[email protected]:~$ php -v PHP 7.4.3 (cli) (built: May 26 2020 12:24:22) ( NTS ) Copyright (c) The PHP Group Zend Engine v3.4.0, Copyright (c) Zend Technologies with Zend OPcache v7.4.3, Copyright (c), by Zend Technologies
Then set your timezone, memory limit and max_execution time by editing /etc/php/7.4/apache2/php.ini
sudo nano /etc/php/7.4/apache2/php.ini
date.timezone = Asia/Karachi memory_limit = 512M max_execution_time = 60
Do the same changes for /etc/php/7.4/cli/php.ini file.
Step 3:Install Apache Server
Apache is one of the best web server that suits with the Cacti. So, install it by running.
sudo apt-get install -y apache2
As the installation of Apache done, apply a security configuration to the Apache by permitting Prod ServerTokens only. Open the security.conf file with your favorite editor.
sudo nano /etc/apache2/conf-enabled/security.conf
Then change the following line.
Finally allow firewall access to http, https.
sudo ufw allow http sudo ufw allow https
And restart the Apache server.
sudo systemctl restart apache2
Step 4:Install MariaDB Database
Make sure that you’ve already installed MariaDB on your Ubuntu system. If you don’t know how to install it, then follow the below link to go to the MariaDB installation page first & then continue from here to Install Cacti on Ubunut 20.04.
You can also install it from Ubuntu repository by hitting.
sudo apt install -y mariadb-server mariadb-client
Once the installation finished, run the below command to secure the installation.
Then change the MariaDB settings to work properly with the Cacti. Edit the config file by hitting below command.
sudo nano /etc/mysql/mariadb.conf.d/50-server.cnf
And make the below changes under [mysqld] section.
collation-server = utf8mb4_unicode_ci max_heap_table_size = 128M tmp_table_size = 64M join_buffer_size = 64M innodb_file_format = Barracuda innodb_large_prefix = 1 innodb_buffer_pool_size = 512M innodb_flush_log_at_timeout = 3 innodb_read_io_threads = 32 innodb_write_io_threads = 16 innodb_io_capacity = 5000 innodb_io_capacity_max = 10000
Then restart the MariaDB services to take effects of the configuration changes.
sudo systemctl restart mariadb
As the services restarted , create a new Database for Cacti:
sudo mysql -u root -p
create database cacti; grant all privileges on cacti.* to [email protected] identified by 'yourpassword'; flush privileges; quit;
Now, run the below command to give permissions to new user for accessing the mysql.time_zone_name table.
sudo mysql -u root -p mysql < /usr/share/mysql/mysql_test_data_timezone.sql
Now, login to MySQL and give permissions to “osradar” user.
sudo mysql -u root -p
GRANT SELECT ON mysql.time_zone_name TO [email protected];
Step 5: Install SNMP & rrdtool on Ubuntu 20.04
Now, run the below command to get install the SNMP and rrdtool for the monitoring of devices.
sudo apt install -y snmp php-snmp rrdtool librrds-perl
Step 6: Downloading & Configuring Cacti
Fetch the latest version of Cacti by running the below command or you can visit the official page to download the latest version of cacti.
After the download finished extract the downloaded package.
tar -zxvf cacti-latest.tar.gz
Then move the resultant to the /opt directory.
sudo mv cacti-1* /opt/cacti
Now, hit the given command to import the default DB data to new cacti DB.
sudo mysql -u root -p cacti < /opt/cacti/cacti.sql
And then specify the DB type, DB name, host name, user & passwd info by editing the below file.
sudo nano /opt/cacti/include/config.php
Update to the similar changes.
/* make sure these values reflect your actual database/host/user/password */ $database_type = "mysql"; $database_default = "cacti"; $database_hostname = "localhost"; $database_username = "osradar"; $database_password = "'yourpassword'"; $database_port = "3306"; $database_ssl = false;
Now, create a crontab file to schedule the polling job.
sudo nano /etc/cron.d/cacti
Then add the below line.
*/5 * * * * www-data php /opt/cacti/poller.php > /dev/null 2>&1
After it create a new site for the Cacti.
sudo nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/cacti.conf
And make the following changes
Alias /cacti /opt/cacti <Directory /opt/cacti> Options +FollowSymLinks AllowOverride None <IfVersion >= 2.3> Require all granted </IfVersion> <IfVersion < 2.3> Order Allow,Deny Allow from all </IfVersion> AddType application/x-httpd-php .php <IfModule mod_php.c> php_flag magic_quotes_gpc Off php_flag short_open_tag On php_flag register_globals Off php_flag register_argc_argv On php_flag track_vars On # this setting is necessary for some locales php_value mbstring.func_overload 0 php_value include_path . </IfVersion> DirectoryIndex index.php </Directory>
Then fire the below command to enable the created site.
sudo a2ensite cacti
Finally restart the apache server to take effects.
sudo systemctl restart apache2
Now, create a log file and also permit the Apache user (www-data) to write info on to cacti directory. You can do so by hitting the below command.
sudo touch /opt/cacti/log/cacti.log
sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /opt/cacti/
Step 7 Finalizing Cacti Installation
As we’ve done all the necessary steps to Install & Configure Cacti on our Ubuntu system. So, now we are going to test our Installation. Go to your browser and type locahost/cacti or 127.0.0.1/cacti to finalize our Installation.
Provide the below details to set up Cacti installation.
Username = admin Password = admin
For security reasons, change the password and provide new strong password.
Accept the License Agreement and hit Begin button.
Make sure that all requirements are okay.
And then hit “Next“.
Select the type of Server, as we are going to Install our first Server so I’m selecting the Primary Server.
Then press “Next” button.
And check the Directory Permissions.
After it press “Next“. And make sure all the options are okay(green tick).
Now, agree to the statement after reading it carefully. And then press “Next“
On the next page you can see the default profile page as we’ve already setup the cron job for every 5 minutes. Then click “Next”.
Then select the profile template and press “Next”.
Hit “Next” button to move on to the next step.
Finally finish the installation by checking the “Confirm Installation” box and click on “Install” button.
Then click on “Get Started” button when installation finished.
Now, you will be directed to the dashboard where you can perform different tasks. Navigate to the graphics section to see the graphic details of local or remote machines.
Now, you can see the graphs, resources and values and other network resources via cacti on your system. So, this is how you can install and configure Cacti on Ubuntu 20.04.If you’ve any question regarding this tutorial, feel free to ask in comments.
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