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Deploy your own multimedia center by installing Jellyfin on Ubuntu 20.04

Hello friends. In this post, I will explain to you how to deploy your own media center in the cloud by installing Jellyfin on Ubuntu 20.04.

Introducing to Jellyfin

Jellyfin is the volunteer-built media solution that puts you in control of your media. Stream to any device from your own server, with no strings attached. Your media, your server, your way.

The app enables you to collect, manage, and stream your media. Run the Jellyfin server on your system and gain access to the leading free-software entertainment system, bells and whistles included.

So if you have a lot of media files and you want to have them always at hand, then Jellyfin is the best for you.

Install Jellyfin on Ubuntu 20.04

Installing Jellyfin is possible thanks to a repository that we have to add to do the process. So, let’s get started.

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First, open a terminal and upgrade Ubuntu

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade

After that, you need to enable the Ubuntu universe repository. This is because Jellyfin requires dependencies to be loosened in that repository.

sudo add-apt-repository universe

Then install a package called apt-transport-https that will help add the Jellyfin repository.

sudo apt install apt-transport-https

After that, you can download and add the GPG key from the official repository of the application

wget -O - https://repo.jellyfin.org/ubuntu/jellyfin_team.gpg.key | sudo apt-key add -
--2021-03-06 17:13:36--  https://repo.jellyfin.org/ubuntu/jellyfin_team.gpg.key
Resolving repo.jellyfin.org (repo.jellyfin.org)... 2604:a880:cad:d0::cf3:f001, 68.183.204.194
Connecting to repo.jellyfin.org (repo.jellyfin.org)|2604:a880:cad:d0::cf3:f001|:443... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
Length: 3078 (3.0K) [application/octet-stream]
Saving to: ‘STDOUT’

-                                          100%[=====================================================================================>]   3.01K  --.-KB/s    in 0s      

2021-03-06 17:13:36 (127 MB/s) - written to stdout [3078/3078]

OK

This process ensures that we can install applications from the repository. Making the system more and more secure.

Now yes, add the Jellyfin repository.

echo "deb [arch=$( dpkg --print-architecture )] https://repo.jellyfin.org/ubuntu $( lsb_release -c -s ) main" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/jellyfin.list

deb [arch=amd64] https://repo.jellyfin.org/ubuntu focal main

And refresh APT so that the process can complete.

sudo apt update

Now you can install the application by running

sudo apt install jellyfin
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree       
Reading state information... Done
The following additional packages will be installed:
  fontconfig-config fonts-dejavu-core jellyfin-ffmpeg jellyfin-server jellyfin-web libass9 libbluray2 libcairo2 libdrm-intel1 libfontconfig1 libgraphite2-3
  libharfbuzz0b libmp3lame0 libopus0 libpciaccess0 libpixman-1-0 libtheora0 libvdpau1 libvorbisenc2 libvpx6 libwebp6 libwebpmux3 libx11-6 libx11-data libx264-155
  libx265-179 libxau6 libxcb-render0 libxcb-shm0 libxcb1 libxdmcp6 libxext6 libxrender1 libzvbi-common libzvbi0 ocl-icd-libopencl1
Suggested packages:
  libbluray-bdj opus-tools opencl-icd
Recommended packages:
  libaacs0 vdpau-driver-all | vdpau-driver
The following NEW packages will be installed:
  fontconfig-config fonts-dejavu-core jellyfin jellyfin-ffmpeg jellyfin-server jellyfin-web libass9 libbluray2 libcairo2 libdrm-intel1 libfontconfig1 libgraphite2-3
  libharfbuzz0b libmp3lame0 libopus0 libpciaccess0 libpixman-1-0 libtheora0 libvdpau1 libvorbisenc2 libvpx6 libwebp6 libwebpmux3 libx11-6 libx11-data libx264-155
  libx265-179 libxau6 libxcb-render0 libxcb-shm0 libxcb1 libxdmcp6 libxext6 libxrender1 libzvbi-common libzvbi0 ocl-icd-libopencl1
0 upgraded, 37 newly installed, 0 to remove and 20 not upgraded.
Need to get 93.4 MB of archives.
After this operation, 291 MB of additional disk space will be used.

After installing, you need to start it and enable it so it can start with the system.

sudo systemctl enable --now jellyfin
Synchronizing state of jellyfin.service with SysV service script with /lib/systemd/systemd-sysv-install.
Executing: /lib/systemd/systemd-sysv-install enable jellyfin

To check that everything is OK, check the status of the service

sudo systemctl status jellyfin
● jellyfin.service - Jellyfin Media Server
     Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/jellyfin.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled)
    Drop-In: /etc/systemd/system/jellyfin.service.d
             └─jellyfin.service.conf
     Active: active (running) since Sat 2021-03-06 17:15:35 CET; 2min 3s ago
   Main PID: 3764 (jellyfin)
      Tasks: 16 (limit: 2286)
     Memory: 89.9M
     CGroup: /system.slice/jellyfin.service
             └─3764 /usr/bin/jellyfin --webdir=/usr/share/jellyfin/web --restartpath=/usr/lib/jellyfin/restart.sh --ffmpeg=/usr/lib/jellyfin-ffmpeg/ffmpeg

Mar 06 17:15:43 osradar jellyfin[3764]: [17:15:43] [INF] Registering publisher for urn:schemas-upnp-org:device:MediaServer:1 on 157.90.172.109
Mar 06 17:15:43 osradar jellyfin[3764]: [17:15:43] [INF] Executed all pre-startup entry points in 0:00:00.8272122
Mar 06 17:15:43 osradar jellyfin[3764]: [17:15:43] [INF] Core startup complete
Mar 06 17:15:44 osradar jellyfin[3764]: [17:15:44] [INF] Executed all post-startup entry points in 0:00:00.5657009
Mar 06 17:15:44 osradar jellyfin[3764]: [17:15:44] [INF] Startup complete 0:00:08.0004279
Mar 06 17:15:45 osradar jellyfin[3764]: [17:15:45] [INF] StartupTrigger fired for task: Update Plugins
Mar 06 17:15:45 osradar jellyfin[3764]: [17:15:45] [INF] Queueing task PluginUpdateTask
Mar 06 17:15:45 osradar jellyfin[3764]: [17:15:45] [INF] Executing Update Plugins
Mar 06 17:15:46 osradar jellyfin[3764]: [17:15:46] [INF] Update Plugins Completed after 0 minute(s) and 0 seconds
Mar 06 17:15:46 osradar jellyfin[3764]: [17:15:46] [INF] ExecuteQueuedTasks

Jellyfin is now available on http://server:8096 but you should set up a reverse proxy with Nginx and enable HTTPS to ensure that all data transmitted is secure.

Configuring Nginx as the reverse proxy and enabling HTTPS

So, install Nginx and make sure it is running.

sudo apt install nginx
sudo systemctl status nginx

Then create a new configuration file for Jellyfin

sudo nano /etc/nginx/conf.d/jellyfin.conf

And add the following content

upstream backend {
     server 127.0.0.1:8096;
     keepalive 64;
 }

 server {
    listen 80;
    server_name osradartest.ga;

 location / { 
        proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Host $host;
        proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Server $host;
        proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
        proxy_pass http://backend;
        proxy_http_version 1.1;
        proxy_pass_request_headers on;
        proxy_set_header Connection "keep-alive";
        proxy_store off;
 }
 }
1.- Configuring Nginx to work with Jellyfin
1.- Configuring Nginx to work with Jellyfin

Save the changes and close the editor.

After that, you need to enable HTTPS and with the help of Certbot the process is very easy. So, install it as well as the Nginx plugin.

sudo apt install certbot python3-certbot-nginx

After that, get a new certificate with the following command:

sudo certbot --nginx --agree-tos --redirect --hsts --staple-ocsp --email you@example.com -d your-domain

Of course, replace the value of --email and -d with your email and domain respectively.

Finally, restart Nginx.

sudo systemctl restart nginx

And you will be able to access Jellyfin to complete the installation.

Complete the installation of Jellyfin on Ubuntu

Now open a web browser and go to https://your-domain and you will see the loading screen.

2.- Jellyfin loading screen
2.- Jellyfin loading screen

Then you will see the welcome screen. Select the language to display and press the Next button.

3.- Welcome screen
3.- Welcome screen

Then, create a new user.

4.- creating the new user
4.- creating the new user

You can add your media collection at once.

5.- Media Library
5.- Media Library

After that, select the language of the metadata.

6.- Metada language
6.- Metada language

Then, you have the option to configure remote access.

7.- Configuring the remote access
7.- Configuring the remote access

If all goes well, you will see this screen.

8.- Installation complete!
8.- Installation complete!

Then log in with the user you created.

9.- Login screen
9.- Login screen

You will be able to enjoy Jellyfin and use your media library.

10.- Jellyfin running
10.- Jellyfin running

Conclusion

Jellyfin is another complete alternative to have our files in the cloud. In this case, they are multimedia files that we can play from anywhere with internet access.

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